By Jon Elster
The essays during this quantity examine the query of no matter if the self is a solidarity or even if it may be conceived with out metaphor as divided--as a "multiple self." the difficulty is a crucial one for a number of disciplines. It bears at once at the account of rationality and the reason of person decision-making and behaviour. Is the speculation of a a number of self required to house the issues of self-deception and weak point of will; and will the conceptual instruments built within the research of interpersonal clash be utilized to the research of intra-personal fight? The essays, via a couple of best philosophers, psychologists, and economists, have been all commissioned for this quantity.
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Extra resources for The Multiple Self (Studies in Rationality and Social Change)
More importantly for the argument, this first claim is what we need to establish the real distinction, since in combination with the Attribute Premise it allows the inference to mind and body actually being nonextended and nonthinking, respectively. The conclusion that they are different substances follows immediately. Descartes himself did, however, seem to think that one can infer from the separability of mind and body that they are different sub- 32 · Descartes's Dualism stances, and he did not seem to see any problem with this inference.
Before the above quote Descartes establishes that he is a thinking thing: he focuses his attention just on thought while not considering corporeal characteristics-that is, in abstraction from such characteristics. Then, in effect, he considers thought and extension (as well as other corporeal characteristics) together: he wonders whether he is a body in addition to being a thinking thing. At first he claims he is not a body, since he assumes there are none. But then he considers the possibility that he is, after all, a body, and he says he does not know, that he cannot settle the question now.
56, 62). Indeed, Descartes does not even mention that idea in this passage, and instead he insists on something very different, namely, the idea that all the other (intrinsic) properties of a substance are 'referred to' this attribute. They are modes, ways of being of the principal attribute, and, as he often says, presuppose it. 16 The principal attribute determines what properties a substance has. 53 is already present there. " And he claims that motion, shape, and size are modes of body because their clear and distinct conception contains extension (AT VII 78-79/ CSM 1154-55).