The hand, an organ of the mind : what the manual tells the by Zdravko Radman

By Zdravko Radman

Cartesian-inspired dualism enforces a theoretical contrast among the motor and the cognitive and locates the psychological completely within the head. This assortment, targeting the hand, demanding situations this dichotomy, supplying theoretical and empirical views at the interconnectedness and interdependence of the handbook and psychological. The individuals discover the chance that the hand, faraway from being the purely mechanical executor of preconceived psychological plans, possesses its personal knowledge, allowing "enhanded" beings to navigate the normal, social, and cultural international with out attractive propositional suggestion, recognition, and deliberation. The individuals think of not just wide philosophical questions -- starting from the nature of embodiment, enaction, and the prolonged brain to the phenomenology of supplier -- but in addition such particular concerns as touching, greedy, gesturing, sociality, and simulation. They exhibit that the capacities of the hand contain notion (on its personal and in organization with different modalities), motion, (extended) cognition, social interplay, and communique. Taken jointly, their bills provide a instruction manual of state of the art learn exploring the ways in which the handbook shapes and reshapes the psychological and creates stipulations for embodied brokers to behave within the world.

Contributors: Matteo Baccarini, Andrew J. Bremner, Massimiliano L. Cappuccio, Andy Clark, Jonathan Cole, Dorothy Cowie, Natalie Depraz, Rosalyn Driscoll, Harry Farmer, Shaun Gallagher, Nicholas P. Holmes, Daniel D. Hutto, Angelo Maravita, Filip Mattens, Richard Menary, Jesse J. Prinz, Zdravko Radman, Matthew Ratcliffe, Etiennne B. Roesch, Stephen V. Shepherd, Susan A.J. Stuart, Manos Tsakiris, Michael Wheeler

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Miall, R. , and J. Cole. 2007. Evidence for stronger visuo-motor than visuoproprioceptive conflict during mirror drawing peformed by a deafferented subject and control subjects. Experimental Brain Research 176 (3):432–439. Penfield, W. 1958. The Excitable Cortex in Conscious Man: The Sherrington Lectures V. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press. Phillips, C. G. 1986. Movements of the Hand: The Sherrington Lectures XVII. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press. Sacks, O. 1985. The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat.

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Another common cause of unilateral loss of hand function is stroke. People who have had a middle cerebral artery stroke, which affects the sensorimotor cortex, often experience paralysis down the other side of the body. Fortunately this usually improves, even more since new drugs have been developed, but the one function that does not recover so well is hand movement. The brain seems to be able to compensate for and restore movements of the leg and arm even when cortical recovery is incomplete, but hand movement, which is dependent more on sensorimotor cortex, does not recover as well.

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