Strategic Maneuvering in Argumentative Discourse: Extending by Frans H. van Eemeren

By Frans H. van Eemeren

In Strategic Maneuvering in Argumentative Discourse, Frans H. van Eemeren brings jointly the dialectical and the rhetorical dimensions of argumentation by way of introducing the concept that of strategic maneuvering. Strategic maneuvering refers back to the arguer’s continuous efforts to reconcile aiming for effectiveness with being moderate. It happens in all phases of argumentative discourse and manifests itself concurrently within the offerings which are made of the topical capability to be had at a selected level, in variation to viewers call for, and within the use of particular presentational units. Strategic maneuvering derails whilst within the particular context within which the discourse occurs a rule for serious dialogue has been violated, in order that a fallacy has been dedicated. Van Eemeren makes transparent that extending the pragma-dialectical method of argumentation through taking account of strategic maneuvering results in a richer and extra unique approach for studying and comparing argumentative discourse

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Strategic Maneuvering in Argumentative Discourse: Extending the pragma-dialectical theory of argumentation

In Strategic Maneuvering in Argumentative Discourse, Frans H. van Eemeren brings jointly the dialectical and the rhetorical dimensions of argumentation by way of introducing the idea that of strategic maneuvering. Strategic maneuvering refers back to the arguer’s continuous efforts to reconcile aiming for effectiveness with being moderate.

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23. ). 24. Pragmatists judge the acceptability of norms depending on the extent to which they appear successful in solving the problems they are designed to solve. In fact, to them a norm is a norm only if it performs a function in the achievement of objectives set by the pragmatist. Cf. ” Those wanting to resolve differences of opinion and judge resolution procedures primarily on instrumental grounds, having as their main purpose to achieve an optimally satisfactory result for as many as possible of those involved (instead of, for example, as much personal gain or enjoyment as possible), can be characterized as utilitarians.

Apart from the analyst’s references to discursive operations that involve an externalizing reconstruction of a logical reasoning process in which he points to certain presuppositions or implications of what is said in the discourse, his references to discursive operations can also involve reconstructions of pragmatic inferences supported by the use of common sense, such as when he points to pragmatic inconsistencies in the discourse or to Gricean implicatures. Fourth, there is background information the analyst can use as a source for justifying his analysis.

Popper in The Open Society and Its Enemies (1971a, Ch. 5, n. 6). 26. Although Habermas’ ideal of consensus (1971) in a speech situation of communication unimpaired by power relations rests on philosophical starting points different from ours, his ideal is in some respects not dissimilar to ours, but in view of the pragma-dialectical conception of intellectual doubt and criticism as the driving forces of progress, it is eventually not consensus that we are after but rather a continual flux of ever more advanced opinions.

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