By M. Mendelson
Many Sides is the 1st full-length examine of Protagorean antilogic, an argumentative perform with deep roots in rhetorical historical past and renewed relevance for modern tradition.
Founded at the philosophical relativism of Protagoras, antilogic is a dynamic instead of a proper method of argument, targeted mostly at the dialogical interplay of opposing positions (anti-logoi) in controversy. In old Athens, antilogic used to be the cardinal function of Sophistic rhetoric. In Rome, Cicero redefined Sophistic argument in a concrete set of dialogical systems. In flip, Quintilian inherited this dialogical culture and made it the centrepiece of his personal rhetorical perform and pedagogy.
Many Sides explores the background, idea, and pedagogy of this ignored rhetorical culture and, by means of attract fresh rhetorical and philosophical thought, reconceives the long-lasting positive aspects of antilogical perform in a dialogical method of argumentation specifically fitted to the pluralism of our personal age and the variety of recent school rooms.
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Many facets is the 1st full-length examine of Protagorean antilogic, an argumentative perform with deep roots in rhetorical heritage and renewed relevance for modern tradition. based at the philosophical relativism of Protagoras, antilogic is a dynamic instead of a proper method of argument, centred mostly at the dialogical interplay of opposing positions (anti-logoi) in controversy.
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Extra info for Many Sides: A Protagorean Approach to the Theory, Practice and Pedagogy of Argument
Correspondingly, when we shift our focus from the realm of sense perception to more distinctly cognitive experience, we encounter the same perspectival differences. The experience of interpretive difference is neatly described by Lewis Carroll's Alice and by Tolstoy in War and Peace. In the first instance, Alice is speaking with the Caterpillar about her difficulties in adjusting to Wonderland: " ... " "It isn't," said the Caterpillar. " "Not a bit," said the Caterpillar. " (italics in text; Ch.
Anal. 71 b 9-16). 182). As a result, we can also adjudicate any contradictory knowledge claims by reference to what is eternal and uniform. " Aristotle's epistemology is accompanied by an alethic theory of particular interest to our inquiry. If knowledge is anchored in a reality that is determinate, and if contradiction can be resolved by reference to a reality that is uniform and invariant, then truth values may be adequately distributed along strictly bivalent lines. , it manifests itself in singular, determinate form.
Socrates introduces the critique this way: Protagoras claims that what an individual believes to be the case is so "for him" (Theaetetus 160 a-d). The example this time involves wine: if a wine appears to be sweet to A, it is so for him. Yet, when the same wine appears to be dry to someone else (N), human-measure requires that it is so for her. As a result, when A and N drink the same wine and respond to it in their alternative ways, one of the two, Protagoras and the Philosophic Origins ofAntilogic 19 says Socrates, must be wrong; and the mistaken party is consequently not the measure of what is, in fact, the case (172 a5-b9).