By Sabrina Petra Ramet
Gender Reversals and Gender Cultures is a suite of especially commissioned essays taking a pass cultural and move ancient standpoint at the topic. The e-book records the universality of gender reversals, with chapters starting from early Christianity as much as the current. It examines how gender reversals are certain up with taboo, and the way this underlies a variety of spiritual and formality actions. Gender Reversals and Gender Cultures additionally exhibits how attitudes to gender-reversal can display a lot a few specific tradition. Anne Bolin, Elon university, Judith Ochshorn, collage of South Florida, Karen Torjesen, Claremont Graduate college, California, Julia Welch, Winfried Schleiner, Unive
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Extra info for Gender Reversals and Gender Cultures: Anthropological and Historical Perspectives
These examples will illustrate each of five identified forms of gender variance: 1) hermaphroditic genders; 2) two-spirit traditions; 3) cross-gendered roles as in the manly-heart types of traditions; 4) womanmarriage; and 5) cross-gendered rituals. Each type will be discussed in terms of the contributions of the cultural constructionist orientation emphasizing the social context of the form9 and offering comments about relevant debates. 12 Despite the apples and oranges of comparing institutions, statuses, roles, and ceremony, all five forms involve the cultural manipulation and reassortment of gendered attributes.
Cf. : American University Press, 1995, p. 121n. Bullough and Bonnie Bullough, Cross Dressing, Sex, and Gender, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1993, pp. 51–5; and Caroline Walker Bynum, Holy Feast and Holy Fast: The Religious Significance of Food to Medieval Women, Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1987, p. 291. 23 Bynum, Holy Feast and Holy Fast, p. 287. ), Crossing the Stage, p. 9. , p. 15. 26 Kristina Straub, “The Guilty Pleasures of Female Theatrical Cross-Dressing and 17 SABRINA PETRA RAMET the Autobiography of Charlotte Charke”, in Epstein and Straub (eds), Body Guards, p.
74 Transsexual cases have been documented not only in the US and Britain, contrary to what transophobes sometimes claim, but also in many other countries from Russia75 and Poland,76 to Spain,77 Germany,78 Japan,79 Egypt, Brazil,80 and Mexico. 82 Transsexualism and other forms of cross-gender behavior are worldwide phenomena. This book is an endeavor to record some of the diversity surrounding this theme, and to contribute both toward an appreciation of the universality of gender reversals across cultures and history and toward an understanding of the contexts and functions of gender reversals.