By Steven Hill
Read Online or Download Fixing Elections: The Failure of America's Winner Take All Politics PB PDF
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Winner of the monetary occasions and Goldman Sachs company e-book of the 12 months Award 2012
An “extraordinary” and “monumental” exposé of massive Oil from two-time Pulitzer Prize winner Steve Coll (The Washington Post)
In deepest Empire Steve Coll investigates the biggest and strongest deepest company within the usa, revealing the real quantity of its energy. ExxonMobil’s annual sales are higher than the commercial job within the nice majority of nations. in lots of of the nations the place it conducts enterprise, ExxonMobil’s sway over politics and protection is bigger than that of the USA embassy. In Washington, ExxonMobil spends more cash lobbying Congress and the White residence than virtually the other company. but regardless of its oversized impact, it's a black box.
deepest Empire pulls again the curtain, monitoring the corporation’s contemporary historical past and its vital position at the international degree, starting with the Exxon Valdez coincidence in 1989 and resulting in the Deepwater Horizon oil spill within the Gulf of Mexico in 2010. The motion spans the globe, relocating from Moscow, to impoverished African capitals, Indonesia, and in different places in heart-stopping scenes that function kidnapping instances, civil wars, and high-stakes struggles on the Kremlin. At domestic, Coll is going inside of ExxonMobil’s okay highway workplace and company headquarters in Irving, Texas, the place best executives within the “God Pod” (as staff name it) oversee a rare company tradition of self-discipline and secrecy.
The narrative is pushed through greater than existence characters, together with company legend Lee “Iron Ass” Raymond, ExxonMobil’s leader government till 2005. an in depth good friend of Dick Cheney’s, Raymond was once either the main profitable and potent oil govt of his period and an unabashed skeptic approximately weather switch and govt law. . This place proved tough to keep up within the face of latest technological know-how and political swap and Raymond’s successor, present ExxonMobil leader govt Rex Tillerson, broke with Raymond’s courses which will reset ExxonMobil’s public snapshot. the bigger solid contains numerous global leaders, plutocrats, dictators, guerrillas, and company scientists who're a part of ExxonMobil’s monstrous story.
the 1st hard-hitting exam of ExxonMobil, deepest Empire is the masterful results of Coll’s indefatigable reporting. He attracts the following on greater than 400 interviews; box reporting from the halls of Congress to the oil-laden swamps of the Niger Delta; multiple thousand pages of formerly categorized U. S. records acquired less than the liberty of knowledge Act; heretofore unexamined courtroom files; and lots of different assets. A penetrating, newsbreaking learn, inner most Empire is a defining portrait of ExxonMobil and where of massive Oil in American politics and overseas coverage.
Avant-garde movies are usually disregarded as vague or disconnected from the realities of social and political heritage. Jeffrey Skoller demanding situations this delusion, arguing that avant-garde motion pictures extra safely show the advanced interaction among previous occasions and our event of the current than traditional documentaries and ancient motion pictures.
In regards to the booklet during this wealthy and broad-ranging quantity, Giovanni Sartori outlines what's now known to be the main accomplished and authoritative method of the category of celebration platforms. He additionally bargains an intensive evaluation of the idea that and purpose of the political get together, and develops a pointy critique of varied spatial versions of occasion pageant.
The United international locations Secretary-General has defined weather swap as a "defining factor of our era". the current coverage notice of the fee for improvement coverage (CDP) examines the severity of the matter and its implications for the foreign improvement schedule. It elaborates extra at the historical past and the most findings that have been offered via the Committee in its professional report back to the commercial and Social Council of the United international locations.
- In Defence of Politics (Bloomsbury Revelations)
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Extra resources for Fixing Elections: The Failure of America's Winner Take All Politics PB
If you wanted Bush to win, you focused on the vagaries of chad and the partisan leanings of Democratic Party 20 GEOGRAPHY IS DESTINY county commissioners, holding disputed ballots to the divining light, searching for dispensation for their candidate. Bush was declared the forty-third president, thousands of Florida ballots still sat in piles across the state, having never been tallied because the antiquated Votomatic punch card machines, for one reason or another, could not count them. The tragedy was that, as every pair of eyes quickly surmised, there could be no quick or clean resolution for partisans so bitterly at war.
In so doing, the votes of millions of voters, black, brown, and white, Democrat and Republican and more, would have counted toward something instead of nothing, particularly if each state had used a proportional allocation or some kind of runoff rather than a “Winner Take All plurality by state” allocation. Instead, we ended up with the five-week debacle that ensued in Florida and the polarizing impact that event had on national unity. It would have been far better to have avoided it. For even more ominous than the Hollywood noir finish, UnElection 2000 pulled back the curtain to reveal a molten fissure seething just beneath the surface.
We have already explored various ways we could change our presidential elections that, even without a constitutional amendment, would have provided distinct advantages over the current method. Now let’s try a little thought experiment regarding our legislative elections. ” What if…we did not use single-seat district elections in monopoly politics states like Idaho, Utah, Kansas, Nebraska, Maryland, California, or Massachusetts? What if…instead we combined three adjoining one-seat districts into a three-seat district?