By Robert Harmsen, Menno Spiering
The speeded up velocity of eu integration because the early Nineteen Nineties has been observed by means of the emergence of more and more popular and multiform oppositions to the method. The time period Euroscepticism has seemed with becoming frequency in a number political, media, and educational discourses. but, the label is utilized to quite a lot of diversified, and sometimes contradictory, phenomena. even supposing initially linked to an English exceptionalism relative to a Continental venture of political and monetary integration, the time period Euroscepticism is now additionally pointed out with a extra common wondering of eu Union associations and rules which reveals various expressions around the whole continent. This quantity of ecu reports brings jointly an interdisciplinary workforce of participants to supply one of many first significant, multinational surveys of the expansion of those Eurosceptic traits. person chapters supply distinctive examinations of advancements in France, Germany, the Netherlands, the uk, eire, Sweden, Austria, the Czech Republic, Poland, and Switzerland. total, the amount attracts a particular portrait of up to date Euroscepticism, situating the phenomenon not just relative to the development of ecu integration, but additionally when it comes to broader questions all in favour of the evolution of social gathering politics and the reshaping of nationwide identities.Contents: Authors during this quantity Robert HARMSEN and Menno SPIERING: advent: Euroscepticism and the Evolution of ecu Political Debate Paul HAINSWORTH, Carolyn O’BRIEN and Paul MITCHELL: protecting the kingdom: The Politics of Eurosceptisicm at the French correct Susan MILNER: For an alternate Europe: Euroscepticism and the French Left because the Maastricht Treaty Klaus BUSCH and Wilhelm KNELANGEN: German Euroscepticism Robert HARMSEN: Euroscepticism within the Netherlands: Stirrings of Dissent Menno SPIERING: British Euroscepticism Peter J. ANDERSON: A Flag of comfort? Discourse and Motivations of the London-based Eurosceptic Press Karin GILLAND: Irish Euroscepticism Milena SUNNUS: Swedish Euroscepticism: Democracy, Sovereignty and Welfare Anton PELINKA: Austrian Euroscepticism: The Shift From the Left to the suitable Petr KOPECK?: an ungainly Newcomer? ecu growth and Euroscepticism within the Czech Republic Aleks SZCZERBIAK: Polish Euroscepticism within the Run-up to european Accession Clive H. CHURCH: Swiss Euroscepticism: neighborhood diversifications on Wider topics
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Additional info for Euroscepticism: Party Politics, National Identity and European Integration
In terms of policy, Villierism can best be understood by recalling his party’s 1997 election manifesto (Mouvement pour la France 1997). According to the views set out here, the European Union should be transformed into a Confederation of Sovereign States. The Council of Ministers, in which all member states would enjoy a national veto, would be the sole executive body. The Commission would play a purely administrative role. There would be a common, but not a single currency. National border controls would be reinstated, while tariffs and quotas would be increased THE POLITICS OF EUROSCEPTICISM ON THE FRENCH RIGHT 51 on imports into Europe in order to protect European business and jobs.
Villierism: man and movement The maverick right-wing politician Philippe de Villiers has also been a prominent exponent of French Euroscepticism. A staunch (and staunchly aristocratic) conservative, de Villiers resigned as a deputy prefect in protest at the election of Socialist president François Mitterrand in 1981. In 1986, he was named junior minister at the Department of Culture and Communication by prime minister Chirac. However, de Villiers found the period of left-right ‘cohabitation’ unbearable.
Brighton: Sussex European Institute. pdf. Tiersky, Ronald, ed. 2001. Euro-skepticism: A Reader. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield. Young, Hugo. 1998. This Blessed Plot: Britain and Europe from Churchill to Blair. London: Macmillan. This page intentionally left blank EUROPEAN STUDIES 20 (2004): 37-58 DEFENDING THE NATION: THE POLITICS OF EUROSCEPTICISM ON THE FRENCH RIGHT Paul Hainsworth, Carolyn O’Brien and Paul Mitchell Abstract France is a founder member of the European Community (EC) and it is difficult to envisage European integration having seen the light of day without the initial French presence and leadership.