By Chris Rumford
Read Online or Download European Cohesion?: Contradictions in EU Integration PDF
Similar foreign & international law books
Overseas legislations has lately emerged because the subject-matter of a thrilling new box of philosophical research. The Philosophy of foreign legislation comprises 29 state-of-the-art essays by means of top philosophers and overseas legal professionals, all released the following in English for the 1st time, that tackle the imperative philosophical questions on foreign legislation.
This paintings bargains a complete and critic method of overseas judicial and arbitral case legislations referring to interpretation of foreign norms and overseas associations in addition to to the best way the foreign courtroom of Justice conceives entry to its jurisdiction and its workout.
The United countries protection Council is intended to be the important overseas organ for keeping overseas peace and safeguard, and it has a profound influence at the rights and tasks of states below overseas legislation. despite the fact that, it's been significantly criticized all through its lifestyles. This booklet examines the function of overseas legislation in its judgements and decision-making technique because the finish of the chilly struggle, with the primary of legality as theoretical framework.
A sea switch has taken position in Islamic felony reports. This booklet either displays and contributes to that vary. regularly, students during this box have tended to target legislation as a physique of ideas and doctrines, as ‘fiqh. ’ This quantity is drawn to how the legislations has been utilized to concrete occasions.
- European Governance and Supranational Institutions: Making States Comply (Routledge Advances in European Politics)
- The Laws of History (Routledge Studies in History of Economics)
- Anarchy & Order: The Interplay of Politics and Law in International Relations
- The United Nations System: Coordinating its Economic and Social Work
- International Organizations and Implementation: Enforcers, Managers, Authorities? (Routledge/Ecpr Studies in European Political Science)
Extra info for European Cohesion?: Contradictions in EU Integration
5–6) makes the following observations. At first sight the economic performance of Ireland over the period 1973–90 appears exceptional. Per capita GDP rose much more quickly than in the other cohesion countries, from 59 per cent of the EU12 average in 1973, to 69 per cent in 1990. He argues that this apparent progress is mainly a statistical illusion. Mathews believes that GNP per head is a more reliable indicator of Ireland’s economic performance as it demonstrates that Ireland’s position vis-à-vis the rest of the EU has hardly changed over the past three decades.
Chris Rumford 2000 20 European Cohesion? embraces the idea of harmonious development with a geographical dimension. Article 130a of the Treaty on European Union states that cohesion stands for, ‘reducing disparities between the levels of development of the various regions and the backwardness of the least favoured regions’ (CEC, 1996a, p. 13), where development is measured in terms of GDP or levels of unemployment. The ‘problem of cohesion’, frequently referred to in discussions of EU policy, should be understood as the persistence or widening of economic disparities between member states and/or their regions, despite attempts by the EU to ameliorate the problem.
More support for the thesis that Structural Funds work to support the market is provided by the relatively large amounts of unspent regional aid in the European Union. A lot of money made available to underdeveloped regions is never claimed by the recipient countries, either because of bureaucratic inefficiency or lack of organisation, or because they are incapable of absorbing the funds on offer. The size of the underspend in considerable; ECU 20 billion over the period since 1986 (Financial Times, 29 July 1996).