Energy Autonomous Micro and Nano Systems by Marc Belleville, Cyril Condemine

By Marc Belleville, Cyril Condemine

Providing an in depth review of the basics and most modern advancements within the box of power self sustaining microsystems, this publication promises an in-depth examine of the functions within the fields of well-being and utilization tracking in aeronautics, clinical implants, and residential automation, drawing out the most requisites on such structures. Introductory info on photovoltaic, thermal and mechanical power harvesting, and conversion, is given, besides the newest leads to those fields. This booklet additionally offers a cutting-edge of ultra-low energy sensor interfaces, electronic sign processing and instant communications. additionally, strength optimizations on the sensor node and sensors community degrees are mentioned, hence finishing this overview.
This booklet information the demanding situations and newest recommendations to be had to readers who're attracted to this box. an immense power of this publication is that the 1st 3 chapters are program oriented and hence, through surroundings the panorama, introduce the technical chapters. there's additionally an exceptional stability among the technical software, protecting the entire system-related elements and, inside every one bankruptcy, information at the physics, fabrics and applied sciences linked to electronics.

Contents

Introduction. creation to power independent Micro
and Nano platforms and Presentation of Contributions, Marc Belleville and Cyril Condemine.
1. Sensors on the center of establishing regulate, Gilles Chabanis, Laurent Chiesi, Hynek Raisigel,
Isabelle Ressejac and Veronique Boutin.
2. towards strength self sufficient MedicalImplants, Raymond Campagnolo and Daniel Kroiss.
3. power self reliant platforms in Aeronautic purposes, Thomas Becker, Jirka Klaue and Martin Kluge.
4. strength Harvesting by means of Photovoltaic impact, Emmanuelle Rouviere, Simon Perraud, Cyril Condemine and
Guy Waltisperger.
5. Mechanical power Harvesting, Ghislain Despesse, Jean Jacques Chaillout,
Sebastien Boisseau and Claire Jean-Mistral.
6. Thermal strength Harvesting, Tristan Caroff, Emmanuelle Rouviere and Jerome Willemin.
7. Lithium Micro-Batteries, Raphael Salot.
8. Ultra-Low-Power Sensors, Pascal Nouet, Norbert Dumas, Laurent Latorre and
Frederick Mailly.
9. Ultra-Low-Power sign Processing in self sustaining platforms, Christian Piguet.
10. Ultra-Low-Power Radio Frequency Communications and Protocols, Eric Mercier.
11. strength administration in an independent Microsystem, Jean-Frederic Christmann, Edith Beigne, Cyril Condemine, Jerome Willemin and Christian Piguet.
12. Optimizing strength potency of 
Sensor Networks, Olivier Sentieys and Olivier Berder.

Content:
Chapter 1 Sensors on the middle of creating keep watch over (pages 1–22): Gilles Chabanis, Laurent Chiesi, Hynek Raisigel, Isabelle Ressejac and Veronique Boutin
Chapter 2 towards power self reliant scientific Implants (pages 23–58): Raymond Campagnolo and Daniel Kroiss
Chapter three strength independent structures in Aeronautic functions (pages 59–81): Thomas Becker, Jirka Klaue and Martin Kluge
Chapter four power Harvesting via Photovoltaic influence (pages 83–113): Emmanuelle Rouviere, Simon Perraud, Cyril Condemine and man Waltisperger
Chapter five Mechanical strength Harvesting (pages 115–151): Ghislain Despesse, Jean Jacques Chaillout, Sebastien Boisseau and Claire Jean?Mistral
Chapter 6 Thermal power Harvesting (pages 153–184): Tristan Caroff, Emmanuelle Rouviere and Jerome Willemin
Chapter 7 Lithium Micro?Batteries (pages 185–205): Raphael Salot
Chapter eight Ultra?Low?Power Sensors (pages 207–239): Pascal Nouet, Norbert Dumas, Laurent Latorre and Frederick Mailly
Chapter nine Ultra?Low?Power sign Processing in self sustaining structures (pages 241–272): Christian Piguet
Chapter 10 Ultra?Low?Power Radio Frequency Communications and Protocols (pages 273–300): Eric Mercier
Chapter eleven strength administration in an self sufficient Microsystem (pages 301–324): Jean?Frederic Christmann, Edith Beigne, Cyril Condemine, Jerome Willemin and Christian Piguet
Chapter 12 Optimizing power potency of Sensor Networks (pages 325–359): Olivier Sentieys and Olivier Berder

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E. 1. 5 ms; – impedance: 500 Ω. 4 µW from the 70 bpm held as reference by this manufacturer. 30 Energy Autonomous Micro and Nano Systems From these battery characteristics, we can try to estimate the mean power consumed during the operational time announced in the technical documents available to us. We must note in passing that all cardiac pacemakers include a circuit that monitors the battery’s state precisely and indicates when it needs to be changed a few months after detecting the “end of life imminent” event, as demonstrated in the REPLY® by a change of state in the elective replacement indicator (ERI).

This means that a passive implanted sensor (remote-supplied during readings), used to monitor physiological parameters such as pressure for aneurisms, or an implanted recorder (equivalent to a miniature cardiac holter), used to capture long-term intermittent cardiac troubles, are termed as active implants. On the other hand, a heart valve, a hip prosthesis, and a vascular “stent” are passive implants. All of the active implants mentioned above thus heavily depend on a source of electric energy.

This sort of trouble is the most common cause of sudden death in cases of ventricular fibrillation, as auricular fibrillation is not lethal per se; being able to detect them as fast as possible and reacting swiftly is thus very important. In this situation, since the patient’s life is clearly at stake, the most effective course of action is to deliver a highly energetic pulse (30 J) to heart tissue in a very short amount of time. This pulse triggers a sort of heart cell reset and ends its chaotic behavior, called ventricular fibrillation.

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