# Elements of the Differential and Integral Calculus by Hardy A. S. By Hardy A. S.

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Diagð ð0Þ; . . ;  ðnÞ; . 5) is equivalent to saying that (n) m 0, On. Therefore, we assume that  is invertible. 13) imply that d2 d d2 Ãt ¼ vd2 þ1 ðÃt  Þ 2 ; ð2:64Þ or, more transparently, d2 ðnÞ ¼ vd2 þ1  ðn À 1Þ Á Á Á  ðn À d2 Þ: ð2:65Þ Let us now define the following semi-infinite matrices: 1 À  À1 Ã Ád2 ðQ À xÞ; vd2 þ1 À Á B :¼ 1 À Å À Ãt  À1 ðQ À xÞ: A :¼ 1 À 0 ð2:66Þ We note that A is strictly upper triangular while B is strictly lower triangular. When acting on the semi-infinite wave vector Éð xÞ by definition we have 1 ðQ À xÞÉ ¼ 0 so that 1   ð2:67Þ É¼ BþÅ É É ¼ AÉ; 1 1 1 0 1 Notice that 1j A and 1j B are invertible because they are upper (resp.

1). 2)]. References 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. , Pitman, J. : Probability laws related to the Jacobi theta and Riemann zeta functions, Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 38 (2001), 435Y465 [Sect. 3]. Bombieri, E. and Lagarias, J. : Complements to Li_s criterion for the Riemann hypothesis, J. Number Theory 77 (1999), 274Y287. Coffey, M. : Relations and positivity results for the derivatives of the Riemann \$ function, J. Comput. Appl. Math. 166 (2004), 525Y534. Coffey, M. : New results concerning power series expansions of the Riemann xi function and the Li/Keiper constants, preprint (Jan.

15. , Pitman, J. : Probability laws related to the Jacobi theta and Riemann zeta functions, Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 38 (2001), 435Y465 [Sect. 3]. Bombieri, E. and Lagarias, J. : Complements to Li_s criterion for the Riemann hypothesis, J. Number Theory 77 (1999), 274Y287. Coffey, M. : Relations and positivity results for the derivatives of the Riemann \$ function, J. Comput. Appl. Math. 166 (2004), 525Y534. Coffey, M. : New results concerning power series expansions of the Riemann xi function and the Li/Keiper constants, preprint (Jan.