By Victor K. McElheny
Drawing the Map of Life takes the tale of the Human Genome venture from its origins, throughout the race to its accomplishment, and directly to today’s enormous efforts to use the full, ordered series of the three billion subunits of DNA, the molecule of heredity. it's the first account to deal extensive and stability with the highbrow roots of the venture, the motivations that drove it, and the hype that regularly masked actual triumphs. McElheny profiles key humans, resembling David Botstein, Eric Lander, Francis Collins, Watson, Michael Hunkapiller and Craig Venter. He additionally indicates that, along with being an immense occasion within the historical past of technology, one who is revolutionizing medication, the Human Genome venture is a outstanding instance of the way new strategies and tools (such as restrict enzymes and sequencing methods), frequently arriving first, form the kind of questions scientists then ask.
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Additional resources for Drawing the Map of Life: Inside the Human Genome Project
Corrective and tinted lenses and specialized magnifiers and small telescopes may be of help in addressing vision problems. Albinism generally does not affect life span, though there is an increased incidence of skin cancer due to the lack of pigmentation, which serves to protect the skin from damage caused by ultraviolet radiation. Sunscreens are recommended for reducing exposure to the harmful ultraviolet rays. There are two major forms of albinism: oculocutaneous albinism, in which pigment is reduced in the hair, skin and eyes; and ocular albinism, in which pigment is reduced only in the eyes.
The incubation period is shorter in infants than in adults, and symptoms may appear within three or four months of birth. Recurrent infections and fluid in the ears may be the first signs. Growth failure and craniofacial abnormalities may also be evident. Affected infants are prone to brain damage due to the effect of the disorder on the developing nervous system; as many of 75% exhibit some neurologic damage. Brain development may cease, and developmental abilities may regress. Infants become weak and apathetic.
Diets rich in leafy green vegetables, certain vitamins and zinc are associated with lower risk. Because of the brain’s ability to compensate for defects in vision, the disorder may initially go unrecognized. By the time those affected usually seek medical attention, the disorder is relatively advanced. Medication can slow the development of AMD, but cannot stop or reverse its progress. Low Vision Rehabilitation, which incorporates special visual devices and training, allows greater independence and range of activities for those affected.