By Wolfgang Lutz, Sergei Scherbov, Andrei Volkov
This booklet offers an outline of demographic developments and styles within the republics of the Soviet Union. the cloth provided presents a finished and specific overview of fertility, marriage and the relations, age and mortality. With info evaluated by way of best Soviet and Western demographers, this ebook varieties the 1st compendium of demographic study at the former Soviet republics during the 20th century.
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Extra info for Demographic Trends and Patterns in the Soviet Union Before 1991
Shkolnikov and Vassin, in Chapter 21, analyze the changes in spatial differentials of life expectancy for urban and rural populations of Russia in 1979 and 1988. Studying mortality trends for 53 territories of European Russia, they show that between 1979 and 1988 life expectancy was increasing in the direction from northeast to southwest. Chapter 22 by Kruminš is also a comparative analysis of mortality trends with a view to the Baltic states: Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia. The author shows that before 1940 the Baltic states were more advanced in socioeconomic terms which was also reflected in higher life expectancy in comparison with the USSR and that after becoming part of the USSR the Baltic states started losing their good position in life expectancy.
1). Crude birth rates (CBRs) take into account the total size of the population but are still influenced by the population’s age composition. 9 in the late 1960s. 1 in the early 1980s. The value of the 1990 CBR was higher in the USSR than in all European countries except Ireland. This value for the USSR, however, hides the tremendous heterogeneity within the USSR. Some European republics have rates around 16 per 1,000 inhabitants, while Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and Tajikistan have values of up to 44 per 1,000 inhabitants.
This trend is rather similar to most of the western republics of the USSR, except for Estonia where fertility slightly increased. 2. Crude birth rates in the republics of the Soviet Union, 1959–1989. 2. Continued. 3. Relative impact of age-specific fertility changes and changes in age composition on the CBR in the USSR and republics. level of fertility stayed constant over that time and the 22 percent decrease in the crude birth rate was due to the changing age structure. In Uzbekistan, Kirghizia, and Turkmenistan the level of fertility even increased between 1959 and 1970 despite declining crude birth rates.