By Alexandru Grigorescu
This paintings posits that, during the last centuries, democratic norms have unfold from family politics to intergovernmental corporations (IGOs). Grigorescu explores how norms formed IGO decision-making ideas akin to these riding nation participation, vote casting, entry to details, and the function of NGOs and transnational parliaments. The examine emphasizes the position of "normative pressures" (the interplay among norm energy and the measure to which the established order strays from norm prescriptions). utilizing basic and secondary resources to evaluate the plausibility of its arguments throughout centuries and dozen IGOs, the examine makes a speciality of advancements in League of countries, overseas hard work association, United countries, global financial institution, eu Union, and international exchange association
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Additional info for Democratic intergovernmental organizations? : normative pressures and decision-making rules
Having an impact on a specific rule: (1) the norm strength and (2) the lack of conformity to the norm in one particular instance. The focus on normative pressure, rather than norm strength (as in existing literature), already implies a first answer to the question of how democratic norms shape IGO rules. Democratic norms, even when strong, are more likely to have an impact on IGO rules when they are accompanied by strong perceptions that the rule departs considerably from what the norm prescribes.
2. Challenging norm involves arguing against Norm X. 3. Narrowing norm involves accepting Norm Y (a sub-norm of Norm X) but not Norm X. 4. Broadening norm involves promoting Norm Z, which subsumes both Norm X and other norms. 5. Challenging action involves arguing against Action A. 6. Narrowing action involves supporting Action B, but not action A. 7. Broadening action involves accepting Action A but also promoting Action C. 8. Withstanding pressure involves not accepting Norm X or Action A and not arguing against them.
That was because they felt that domestic actors from the developed world would be in a much better position to make use of information releases than those from the developing world and, perhaps, even more than some governments. 1). This strategy is yet another illustration of the possible interactions among norms mentioned earlier when discussing the challenging strategy. However, in this case, those resisting the normative pressures for change seek norms that resonate (rather than clash) with the main norm being promoted.