Consciousness and the existence of God : a theistic argument by J. P. Moreland

By J. P. Moreland

In Consciousness and the lifestyles of God, J.P. Moreland argues that the life of finite, irreducible recognition (or its usual, law-like correlation with actual states) offers proof for the lifestyles of God. additionally, he analyzes and criticizes the head consultant of rival methods to explaining the beginning of awareness, together with John Searle’s contingent correlation, Timothy O’Connor’s emergent necessitation, Colin McGinn’s mysterian "naturalism," David Skrbina’s panpsychism and Philip Clayton’s pluralistic emergentist monism. Moreland concludes that those techniques may be rejected in want of what he calls "the Argument from Consciousness."

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I do not wish to enter that controversy because I think that a defense of AC can be formulated based on one of the three argument forms I am presenting or based on three independent arguments. I do believe, however, that by stating the argument deductively we gain clarity on the precise considerations that most likely provide the basis for an IBE argument or for assignment of probabilities to key factors in the Bayesian approach. Therefore, I shall develop and defend the deductive form of the argument in some detail.

I cannot enter that debate here. Nevertheless, based on PNE, if it turns out that mental states are not extended, then PNE banishes them and their constituent properties from a naturalist ontology. In this case, PNE counts against any naturalist ontology that quantifies over emergent mental properties. 44 In the category of individual, if we reject an eliminativist strategy, then all wholes ‘‘above’’ the microphysical level are structural, relational entities constituted by the parts, properties and relations at the microphysical level.

This is true whether we adopt an eliminativist line for such wholes (and accept atomic simples and various arrangements of them) or add some sort of boundary or surface. g. fractal patterns). g. g. being painful construed epiphenomenally). g. being painful understood as having top/down causal liabilities). g. being active power that characterizes most versions of agent causation). Emergence3: An emergent, suitably unified mental subject or I with active power. g. combinatorial explanation) and Grand Story.

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