Class Structure in the Social Consciousness by Stanislaw Ossowski, Sheila Patterson

By Stanislaw Ossowski, Sheila Patterson

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603, pp. x26-7. s Lcr originu du Conznrunjism, G. Walter, Paris, 1931, p. 242. 40 THE SCHEME OF GRADATION the mean between these extremes is such a state. This is the state in which one owns as much as one needs and no more. The numerical proportions in this trichotomous system are, however, different from those found in Chrysostom’s homily from Antioch. 1 On the other hand, the author of the anonymous treatise ‘On Wealth’ gave proportions that are nearer to the Marxian analyses. He saw the greater part of the society as composed of those who lived in need and poverty, while he saw the cause of their poverty in the existence of a small number of rich people.

In this case we should be concerned not with correlative classes, but with a polarized form of a gradation of property, similar to the three-term scheme which will be discussed in the next chapter. It seems to me, however, that this would be an incorrect interpretation of the dichotomic scheme in the social consciousness. The dichotomic conception of the relation of property is in fact an l ‘Manifesto of the Communist Party’, ME, Vol. I, pp. 33-34. 3’ FROM BIBLICAL LEGENDS TO CONTEMPORARY SOCIOLOGY expression of the belief that we are here concerned with real, correlative and opposed relations and not only with different ways of formulating them; and that the existence of the rich is conditioned by the existence of the poor and conversely.

The bourgeois. ‘1 (2). As far as the privileged classes are concerned, if the domination of a particular class is firmly established, and the barriers separating it from other strata are rigid and almost impenetrable, as in an estate system, the sharp contrast drawn by the members of the dominating class between themselves and the rest of society can be an expression of their effort to increase the distance between their class and all the others. For the situation of the dominating class appears so secure that there is no need for it to seek allies in the strata below by means of a ‘divide and rule’ policy.

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