Brookings Trade Forum, 2004: Globalization, Poverty, and by Susan Margaret Collins, Carol Graham

By Susan Margaret Collins, Carol Graham

How is globalization associated with worldwide poverty and to worldwide inequality? Such questions are on the heart of a heated and, now and then, acrimonious debate, regardless of the big and starting to be literatures in economics and different disciplines. This quantity of the Brookings alternate discussion board goals to summarize what's recognized from the prevailing physique of scholarly study and establish the questions about which there's much less conclusive facts and consensus. the talk is extra fueled through the absence of agreed-upon definitions of globalization, poverty and inequality. but clarifying the best way such phrases are used is necessary, as reviews in accordance with varied definitions of the phrases yield starkly contrasting conclusions. All members grapple with this hard factor.

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Extra resources for Brookings Trade Forum, 2004: Globalization, Poverty, and Inequality

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This paper has demonstrated that the factual claims one hears about what is happening to inequality in the world depend critically on value judgments embedded in standard measurement practices. Three such issues have been highlighted: whether one weights people equally or countries equally when assessing what is happening to global inequality, what weight one attaches to horizontal inequalities, and whether one focuses on relative inequality or absolute inequality in assessing the welfare impacts of globalization.

1 2 Brookings Trade Forum: 2004 data used. The pro-globalization side has tended to prefer “hard” quantitative data while the other side has drawn more eclectically on various types of evidence, both systematic and anecdotal or subjective. Differences in the data used no doubt account in part for the differing positions taken. However, since both sides have had access to essentially the same data, it does not seem plausible that such large and persistent differences in the claims made about what is happening to inequality in the world stem entirely from one side’s ignorance of the facts.

1. htm [August 2004]). 6. 2. Economist, May 27, 2000, p. 94. 3. For a fuller discussion of the data and measurement issues underlying the globalization debate, see Ravallion (2003). 1 2 Brookings Trade Forum: 2004 data used. The pro-globalization side has tended to prefer “hard” quantitative data while the other side has drawn more eclectically on various types of evidence, both systematic and anecdotal or subjective. Differences in the data used no doubt account in part for the differing positions taken.

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