British Population in the Twentieth Century by N.L. Tranter

By N.L. Tranter

Probably the most impressive beneficial properties of the demography of 20th century Britain and its constituent international locations has been the patience of premiums of inhabitants development some distance below these of the 19th century. via the Nineteen Eighties even absolutely the measurement of the inhabitants had all started to say no. Why has this occurred? And why have falling charges of inhabitants progress been followed via both dramatic alterations within the geography of human place of abode? In an try and solution those questions, the ebook lines the evolution of traits in degrees of fertility, mortality and migration and considers the character of the forces answerable for those tendencies.

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Overseas Migration For the period before 1912, when for the first time travellers between the United Kingdom and countries outside Europe were required to state whether or not they intended a permanent change of residence, reliable data on the extent of migration into and out of Britain are difficult to provide. Down to the middle of the nineteenth century it is probably safe to assume that the number of genuine emigrants and immigrants equated reasonably closely with the number of passengers travelling to and from non-European destinations.

Almost the whole of this decline occurred in two decades- the 1910s, when rates of population growth slumped to less than half those of the decades immediately preceding the First World War, and the 1970s, when after half a century of relative stability rates of population increase fell to levels barely above and subsequently below replacement. High rates of population growth between the late eighteenth and early twentieth centuries were accompanied by a shift in the distribution of residence from peripheral to core regions and from south to north.

12 Altogether, between 1815 and 1850 around three-quarters of a million people born on the British mainland moved to non-European destinations. 13 Until late in the eighteenth century levels of immigration were probably even lower than those of emigration. 14 As in the case of emigration, however, in the course of the late eighteenth and first half of the nineteenth centuries immigrant numbers began to rise, largely as a result of a growing influx from Ireland. 15 Despite this the volume of movement to mainland Britain in the mid nineteenth century was modest compared with what was to follow.

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