Autisme, le gène introuvable: De la science au business by Bertrand Jordan

By Bertrand Jordan

« Ce livre présente les approches nouvelles de l. a. génétique médicale, dont différents points font souvent l’actualité. J’ai choisi d’évoquer les thèmes majeurs et très actuels de cette nouvelle “médecine génomique” à partir des recherches sur les déterminants génétiques de cette grave affection qu’est l’autisme. Ces travaux ont récemment donné lieu à des péripéties médiatiques et juridiques auxquelles j’ai été personnellement mêlé.

« Le récit fait découvrir les rapports entre le monde de los angeles recherche en génétique médicale et celui des entreprises de biotechnologie avec leurs impératifs particuliers. Il montre, à travers le marché des checks de l’autisme, les interférences entre le savoir, le company et l’institution judiciaire. Cette histoire alterne avec des chapitres faisant le element sur les théories de l’autisme et les vives polémiques scientifiques qui y sont associées. J’y discute les difficultés de los angeles génétique psychiatrique, et, plus généralement, les avancées et limites des purposes thérapeutiques de l’exploration du génome. »

B. J.

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That would enable the Genomics: GTL program to identify and characterize the enzymes associated with hydrogen production in the termite hindgut. , 2001). 10 of the price of a gallon of ethanol. The challenge is to reduce that by half by increasing the activities of enzymes or reducing the production cost. One avenue toward that goal is the use of plants as biomolecular farms for the production of the enzymes. The concept has been demonstrated in a study in which a corn plant was used to produce an Acidothermus cellulolyticus endogluconase.

Other scientists, distributed among several projects, are working to develop novel methods to image biological systems, including visualization of DNAprotein interactions that regulate an organism’s genetic potential and monitoring of life’s processes on the microscopic scale of single living cells. • DOE-funded scientists are devising innovative methods to culture recalcitrant species of microorganisms; such breakthroughs will greatly facilitate the study and manipulation of these species in a laboratory setting.

Metals and radionuclides must be immobilized to prevent subsurface travel to rivers or groundwater. , 2002). Stimulation might involve optimizing the metabolic pathways of whole organisms or of a community of microorganisms to achieve the desired transformation. The optimization of metabolic activities of whole organisms and microbial communities is the key to converting hazardous materials to nonhazardous materials or nonbioavailable forms and is consistent with the research and development activities of the Genomics: GTL program.

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