American Indians of California, The Great Basin and the by Kathleen Kuiper

By Kathleen Kuiper

The geographically unique American territories of California, the nice Basin, and the Southwest have lengthy sustained a number of indigenous peoples, together with the Miwok, Comanche, and Navajo, respectively. An exam of every of those tradition parts yields wealthy histories choked with steadfast traditions and non secular practices, subsistence styles dictated via geographic place, and social interactions inside of and among tribes. This soaking up quantity surveys the heritage of a number of the teams that shape those tradition components in addition to the religious, cultural, and social practices that distinguish each one tribe.

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Extra resources for American Indians of California, The Great Basin and the Southwest (Native American Tribes)

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Mono The name Mono (Monachi) may be applied to either of two groups, originally from what is now central California, who spoke a language belonging to the Numic group of the Uto-Aztecan family and were related to the Northern Paiute. The Western Mono, who resided in the pine belt of the Sierra Nevada mountains, had a culture similar to that of the nearby Yokuts. The Owens Valley Paiute (previously called the Eastern Mono) were more similar to their neighbours from the Great Basin culture area. 31 American Indians of California, 7 the Great Basin, and the Southwest 7 Historically, the two divisions traded with each other, the Owens Valley Paiute exchanging salt, piñon nuts, baskets, and poison in return for acorn flour, baskets, and shafts for arrows.

40 7 California Peoples in Focus 7 Traditional Yurok religion was concerned with an individual’s effort to elicit supernatural aid, especially through ritual cleanliness, and with rituals for the public welfare. The tribe did not practice the potlatch, masked dances, representative carving, and other features typical of their Northwest Coast neighbours. The major ceremonies were those of the World Renewal cycle, which ensured an abundance of food, riches, and general well-being. This cycle included the recitation of magical formulas, repeating the words of an ancient spirit race, and other acts.

One band, the Kitanemuk, lived in the Kern and San Joaquin river basins. Another band, the Vanyume, resided along the Mojave River. A third, the Serrano proper, held the San Bernardino Mountains, adjacent valleys, and a portion of the Mojave Desert. All three bands were hunting and gathering cultures that knew how to subsist in a difficult environment. Small game, acorns, piñon nuts, and berries were their dietary staples. Within villages the people were organized into patrilineal clans, with each clan having a hereditary chief and assistant chief.

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