By Nancy Shoemaker
Even supposing most of the people isn't really greatly conscious of this development, American Indian inhabitants has grown phenomenally considering that 1900, their demographic nadir. now not a vanishing race, Indians have rebounded to 1492 inhabitants estimates in 9 a long time. till now, such a lot learn has concerned with catastrophic inhabitants decline, yet Nancy Shoemaker reports how and why American Indians have recovered. Her research of the social, cultural, and financial implications of the relations and demographic styles fueling the restoration compares 5 diversified Indian teams: the Seneca country in manhattan country, Cherokees in Oklahoma, purple Lake Ojibways in Minnesota, Yakamas in Washington nation, and Navajos within the Southwest. Marshaling individual-level census info, Shoemaker locations American Indians in a large social and cultural context and compares their demographic styles to these of Euroamericans and African american citizens within the United States.
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Extra resources for American Indian population recovery in the twentieth century
4 As the Senecas adjusted to life on a reservation, they also struggled to retain their lands. Federal and state government officials pursued fraudulent means to negotiate a treaty in the 1830s that would have required removal westward. Most Senecas resisted removal; however, several hundred Senecas and Cayugas eventually did settle permanently in Indian Territory. The Senecas remaining in New York, with the advocacy of the Quaker Church, protested the fraudulent removal treaty and won a compromise.
9. 10. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 1. S. 2. Public Use Samples: 1900, 1910, and 19401980 111 Page XI Preface European settlement of the Americas initiated a devastating decline in the native population. In the area now lying within the United States, the American Indian population dropped from an estimated several million people to fewer than 250,000 in 1900. Except for a slight decrease in 1920, the Indian population has rapidly increased in the twentieth century, until now there are nearly two million Indians in the United States.
In part, Indian life-expectancy rates have approached those for whites because more whites have moved into the group of people identifying their race as Indian. A second and related source for bias in Indian mortality rates comes from the combined use of vital statistics data with census data. The census is often used as the denominator in calculating death and birth rates. Self-identification of race accounts for much of the surge in the Indian census population since 1970 but has had less of an immediate impact on vital statistics data.