American Holocaust: The Conquest of the New World by David E. Stannard

By David E. Stannard

For 400 years—from the 1st Spanish attacks opposed to the Arawak humans of Hispaniola within the 1490s to the U.S. Army’s bloodbath of Sioux Indians at Wounded Knee within the 1890s—the indigenous population of North and South the United States continued an never-ending firestorm of violence. in the course of that point the local inhabitants of the Western Hemisphere declined by way of as many as a hundred million humans. certainly, as historian David E. Stannard argues during this attractive ebook, the ecu and white American destruction of the local peoples of the Americas used to be the main tremendous act of genocide within the background of the world.

Stannard starts off with a portrait of the big richness and variety of lifestyles within the Americas sooner than Columbus’s fateful voyage in 1492. He then follows the trail of genocide from the Indies to Mexico and significant and South the United States, then north to Florida, Virginia, and New England, and at last out around the nice Plains and Southwest to California and the North Pacific Coast. Stannard unearths that anyplace Europeans or white american citizens went, the local humans have been stuck among imported plagues and barbarous atrocities, usually leading to the annihilation of ninety five percentage in their populations. what sort of humans, he asks, do such horrendous issues to others? His hugely provocative resolution: Christians. Digging deeply into old ecu and Christian attitudes towards intercourse, race, and warfare, he reveals the cultural flooring organized via the tip of the center a long time for the centuries-long genocide crusade that Europeans and their descendants launched—and in locations proceed to wage—against the recent World’s unique population. Advancing a thesis that's certain to create a lot controversy, Stannard contends that the perpetrators of the yank Holocaust drew at the similar ideological wellspring as did the later architects of the Nazi Holocaust. it really is an ideology that is still dangerously alive at the present time, he provides, and one who in recent times has surfaced in American justifications for large-scale army intervention in Southeast Asia and the center East.

At as soon as sweeping in scope and meticulously specified, American Holocaust is a piece of impassioned scholarship that's bound to ignite severe old and ethical debate.

“A most excellent antidote to these many books on American Indian coverage that have a tendency to disregard the realities of the subject.” —Journal of yank Ethnic History

“Superb scholarship and compellingly available presentation.” —Professor Benjamin R. Tong, Ph.D., California Institute of critical Studies

American Holocaust is a considerable addition to the library of injustice towards American Natives....From a moral point of view, works resembling Stannard’s are essential to counterbalance the ethnocentricities of earlier historic works on Natives. From an educational perspective, the ebook is an interdisciplinary monument. the writer has taken a tremendous quantity of information and utilized modern anthropological, demographic, and historic strategies to synthesize a accomplished piece of scholarship. American Holocaust will offer a desireble textbook for college students at either the graduate and undergraduate degrees. ultimately, students of Indian-white family from a number of disciplines will locate the publication a useful source by way of process and content.” —Samuel R. prepare dinner, American Indian Quarterly

“An very important paintings that may have [Stannard] canonized through a few and pillored by way of others via the top of the Quincentennial 12 months. it's the fabricated from mammoth examining within the vital resources, years of wondering, and fury at what Europe hath wrought in America....His convincing declare is that what occurred was once the worst demographic catastrophe within the background of our species, that outdated global illnesses and outdated international brutality lowered the variety of Indians drastically and drove away many local American peoples over the threshold of extinction. How convincing are his proof and reasoning? Very, i'm unsatisfied to say....Nothing might be performed to enhance the prior, yet we will be able to at the least face it. David Stannard insists that we do.” —Alfred Crosby, The Boston Sunday Globe

“Offers a much-needed counterbalance to centuries of romantic confabulation concerning the explorer.” —The l. a. Times

“Honest, actual, painful, robust, inspiring!” —Zaher Wahab, Lewis and Clark College

“Vivid and incessant, combining an impressive array of basic assets with meticulous analysis—a devastating reassessment of the Conquest as not anything below a holy war.” —Kirkus Reviews

“We must be reminded, many times, of what Stannard speaks of as ‘the treasure of a unmarried life.’ Stannard offers us an outstanding evaluation of contemporary literature and a rousing, powerful name to outline our terms,‘racism,’ ‘genocide,’ and use them to explain what occurred and nonetheless happens.” —Ellen Nore, Southern Illinois collage, Edwardsville

“A interesting ebook, tremendously remarkable in its study and fascinating in its style....Puts the Columbus tale in philosophical and ancient standpoint. additional, it makes connections with our personal time that are unsettling and profoundly important.” —Howard Zinn, writer of A People’s historical past of the United States

“A shattering consciousness is introduced domestic: the German holocaust used to be now not specific in heritage. there's a holocaust in our American prior. We owe it to its sufferers, and to our personal destiny, to mirror on Stannard’s cruel book.” —Hans Koning, writer of Columbus: His Enterprise

“In a completely documented narrative, David Stannard demolishes a ranking of old myths, and turns American Holocaust right into a searing account of what occurred within the Americas after the arriving of Columbus. it's a stirring and troubling book.” —Dee Brown, writer of Bury My center at Wounded Knee

“A landmark of beneficial remembering, American Holocaust acutely dissects the demons using the eu invaders and offers the main compelling resolution but to the scary query of what it used to be wish to be ‘discovered.’” —Richard Drinnon, writer of Facing West: The Metaphysics of Indian-Hating and Empire-Building

“The e-book to learn to appreciate the final years. Stannard has courageously documented the preliminary and carrying on with genocide of natives of the western hemisphere in an irrefutable and convincing manner.” —Vine Deloria, Jr., writer of God is Red and Custer Died to your Sins

“A scholarly assemblage of articulate, soaking up facts.” —KLIATT

“A a lot wanted corrective to the centuries of heroizing in regards to the effect of eu enlargement and colonization at the New international. not anyone can learn this publication and never be embarrassed about the Janus face of the West’s cultural and spiritual roots!” —Dr. Thomas B. Andersen, St. Michael’s collage

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Yet at today’s bullion price, it would fetch only $300 million—small change in a world of a thousand billionaires. 66 That said, current gold prices tell us very little—because the world economy and money supply have exploded since the 1530s. 67 Since Smith’s day the picture has changed 34 Wh at I s A m e r ic a ? again: industrial mining has vastly increased the bullion stock, but the really big money has only a ghost’s life nowadays, in electronic files. William Prescott, the great historian of the Spanish conquests, said that few European monarchs of that day possessed anything like such a sum.

The Rhode Islanders’ fields stretched inland, he reckoned, for “25 to 30 leagues12 [80 to 100 miles] . . ”13 On his way back to France, Verrazzano sailed past Bacalaia (“Cod-land”), or Newfoundland, which didn’t delay him. He knew it had been “found a long time ago by the Portuguese” and then claimed by John Cabot for England. Verrazzano made his report to the French king and returned to the New World two years later, only to be killed by aggrieved natives in the Caribbean. In the mid-1530s, the French tried again, sending the Breton Jacques Cartier up the St.

31 The next important town, Chiaha, had stores enough to feed the European army for two weeks and provide five hundred bearers to carry off what was left. 33 By this time their reputation had preceded them, and the locals were less obliging. The town’s leaders lured Soto and some of his officers inside the elaborate fortifications. After a show of hospitality, a great many armed men (some sources say five thousand, but this may be an exaggeration) sprang from hiding. They killed half the Spaniards on the spot and wounded the rest, including Soto and Rodrigo Rangel, his secretary and chronicler.

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