A Systematic Theory of Argumentation: The Pragma-Dialectical by Frans H. van Eemeren, Rob Grootendorst

By Frans H. van Eemeren, Rob Grootendorst

Experts in argumentation idea current a view of argumentation as a way of resolving alterations of opinion by means of checking out the acceptability of the disputed positions. Their version of a "critical discussion" serves as a theoretical software for reading, comparing and generating argumentative discourse. This significant contribution to the research of argumentation can be of specific worth to pros and graduate scholars in speech communique, casual common sense, rhetoric, serious pondering, linguistics, and philosophy.

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37 Doing so makes it easier to get an overall picture of the state of the art in the discipline, to distinguish the different approaches from each other, and to indicate where there are genuine opportunities for mutual cooperation. We have developed our dialectical variant of a research program of this kind by systematically combining a critical-rationalist philosophical position with a pragma-dialectical theoretical position, an analytical position that centers around the resolution of differences of opinion, an empirical position oriented toward the process of convincing, and a practical position directed at stimulating reflection.

Among the conditions that have to be met if others, in particular teachers, are to make good use of the methods developed by argumentation theorists is the preliminary condition that the institution in which they have to operate indeed provides them with the opportunity to do so. In the case of teachers, this means that there has to be enough room in the curriculum for their efforts. Even if this is the case, it will undoubtedly be some time before the course concerned can be optimally realized.

3 1 2 3 See Van Eemeren and Houtlosser (1999, 2000, 2002a, b), but also Schiappa (2002), Goodwin (2002), Kauffeld (2002), and Jacobs (2002). See Aristotle (1928c) and (1928d). See also Krabbe (2002). See Aristotle (1928a, b, c, d, 1991). See also Hohmann (2002). ” In rhetorical arguments, the premises need only be plausible for the audience that is to be convinced. Deductive and inductive syllogisms are among the means one can use to confer the plausibility of the premises on the conclusion that is to be drawn.

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