A Shrinking Society: Post-Demographic Transition in Japan by Toshihiko Hara

By Toshihiko Hara

This is the publication to target a brand new phenomenon rising within the twenty-first century: the speedily getting older and lowering inhabitants of a well-developed state, specifically, Japan. The that means of this phenomenon has been effectively clarified because the attainable ancient end result of the demographic transition from excessive delivery and loss of life charges to low ones. Japan has entered the post-demographic transitional part and may be the fastest-shrinking society on the earth, prime different Asian international locations which are experiencing an analogous drastic alterations. the writer used the historic information, compiled through the Statistic Bureau, Ministry of inner Affairs and Communications in 2006 and inhabitants projections for published in 2012 by means of the nationwide Institute of inhabitants and Social safeguard examine, to teach the prior and destiny improvement of the dependency ratio from 1891 to 2060. Then, using the inhabitants lifestyles desk and web copy expense, the results of accelerating existence expectancy and declining fertility at the dependency ratio have been saw individually. ultimately, the historic relationships between women’s survival premiums at reproductive age, the theoretical fertility price to take care of the alternative point and the recorded overall fertility expense (TFR) have been analyzed. old statement confirmed TFR adapting to the theoretical point of fertility with a definite time lag and akin to women’s survival premiums at reproductive age. Women’s expanding lifespan and survival premiums may have prompted choice making to lessen the chance of childbearing. whether the theoretical fertility expense meets the alternative point, women’s perspectives of minimizing the danger could stay unchanged simply because for girls the cost–benefit imbalance in childbearing continues to be too excessive in Japan. according to the findings, the writer discusses the sustainability of eastern society with regards to nationwide funds, social protection reform, kinfolk guidelines, immigration regulations and group polices.

Show description

Read Online or Download A Shrinking Society: Post-Demographic Transition in Japan PDF

Best demography books

Upland Communities: Environment, Population and Social Structure in the Alps since the Sixteenth Century

This booklet follows the social, financial and demographic modifications of the Alpine zone from the overdue heart a while. Its target is to think again identical to the upland group which emerges from the paintings of historians, geographers and social anthropologists. The ebook for this reason offers at size with such difficulties because the reasons and results of emigration and styles of marriage and inheritance in favouring or hampering the alterations of neighborhood populations to altering monetary or ecological conditions, and tackles the vexed query of the relative value of cultural and environmental components in shaping relatives types and neighborhood constructions.

The Great Social Laboratory: Subjects of Knowledge in Colonial and Postcolonial Egypt

The good Social Laboratory charts the improvement of the human sciences—anthropology, human geography, and demography—in overdue 19th- and twentieth-century Egypt. Tracing either highbrow and institutional genealogies of information construction, this e-book examines social technology via a wide variety of texts and cultural artifacts, starting from the ethnographic museum, to architectural designs, to that top of social clinical research—”the article.

Blurring the Color Line: The New Chance for a More Integrated America (Nathan I Huggins Lectures)

Richard Alba argues that the social cleavages that separate american citizens into specified, unequal ethno-racial teams might slender dramatically within the coming a long time. through the mid-twentieth century, the dominant place of the us within the postwar international economic climate ended in a swift enlargement of schooling and hard work possibilities.

Changes in Censuses from Imperialist to Welfare States: How Societies and States Count

Alterations in Censuses from Imperialist to Welfare States , the second one of 2 volumes, makes use of ancient and comparative easy methods to examine censuses or census-like details within the uk, the us, and Italy, beginning in England over one-thousand years in the past.

Additional resources for A Shrinking Society: Post-Demographic Transition in Japan

Example text

Even though there is such a reform in pension system, the reliance on system is not high in public opinions. ” It is clear that many Japanese do not trust the pension system (Asahi Shinbun 4th October 2013). The medical care cost is also expanding in proportion to an increase in elder population. Towards this, the health care insurance system has been reviewed and reformed too. Especially, in 2008, “late-stage medical care system” for the elderly was introduced. This system is designed for the people who are aged 75 or older.

The growing debts of the government are reducing the fiscal flexibility and narrowing the path to the economic growth. Concerning the rapid aging and the rising dependency ratio as main factors, it is too early to worry. The answer is redistribution policy enforce the effective demand of working population, who are going to raise the child population. The relation between increasing social security cost and rapid aging population is clear and obvious. The most important point is to minimize the total amount of social security benefits and the burden of the current workers.

The excess liquidity from JBGs has turn into speculative money games and destabilized the money market. Redistributing policies to enforce the effective demand of working population, who raise the child population is an important issue. Without any strong redistribution policies to increase income tax revenue, the outstanding of JGBs would continue to increase. It would expand the volume and the proportion of the national debt service in expenditure under the condition of increasing demographic dependency ratios.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.25 of 5 – based on 27 votes