By Andrew P. Wickens
A background of the Brain tells the whole tale of neuroscience, from antiquity to the current day. It describes how we have now come to appreciate the organic nature of the mind, starting in prehistoric occasions, and progressing to the 20 th century with the advance of contemporary Neuroscience.
This is the 1st time a heritage of the mind has been written in a story means, emphasizing how our realizing of the mind and frightened approach has built through the years, with the improvement of the disciplines of anatomy, pharmacology, body structure, psychology and neurosurgery. The ebook covers:
- beliefs concerning the mind in old Egypt, Greece and Rome
- the Medieval interval, Renaissance and Enlightenment
- the 19th century
- the most crucial advances within the 20th century and destiny instructions in neuroscience.
The discoveries resulting in the improvement of contemporary neuroscience gave upward thrust to at least one of the main intriguing and engaging tales within the entire of technological know-how. Written for readers with out earlier wisdom of the mind or historical past, the booklet will satisfaction scholars, and also will be of significant curiosity to researchers and teachers with an curiosity in realizing how we've got arrived at our current wisdom of the brain.
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Extra resources for A History of the Brain: From Stone Age surgery to modern neuroscience
Aristotle’s inﬂuence on Western thought has been immense. Although his works were lost during the Dark Ages in the West, they were rediscovered in the Medieval period to become greatly revered and idolised. Indeed, up until the sixteenth century his teachings formed the greatest synthesis of physics and biology, and were widely considered to be beyond criticism or reproach. In fact, their authority was to prevent further enquiry for centuries. Yet, one can not help but be disappointed, even shocked, at Aristotle’s mistaken understanding of the brain, even though his view was one with a long tradition that had begun in ancient Egypt, and was an established part of Greek thinking.
2011) A Brief History of the Soul. Wiley-Blackwell: Chichester. G. (1995) Aristotle on the Brain. The Neuroscientist, 1 (4), 245–250. G. (2009) A Hole in the Head. MIT Press: Cambridge, MA. R. (2001) An Introduction to the History of Psychology. Wadsworth: Belmont, CA. Homer (2003) Iliad. V. Rieu, P. H. Rieu, Trans). Penguin: London. Homer (2003) Odyssey. V. H. Rieu, and P. Jones, Trans). Penguin: London. Jaynes, J. (1976) The Origins of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind. Houghton-Mifﬂin: Boston, MA.
Here, he characterises the soul as two horses: one black and ugly, which represents the baser appetitive components of the soul; and the other white and noble characterising a more honourable animal. Both are controlled by the charioteer, representing intellect and reason who must do his best to stop the two horses pulling in separate directions. The brain (presumably) is therefore seen as being responsible for exercising executive control over our baser desires. Aristotle’s alternative view of the psyche One would have imagined with the weight of authority provided by Hippocrates and Plato that the brain would be widely accepted as the organ of reasoning and intelligence by the fourth century BC.