By Emilio Zagheni, Marina Zannella, Gabriel Movsesyan, Brittney Wagner
This comparative examine of ecu time transfers finds the whole volume of transfers within the type of unpaid paintings and highlights the life of vital gender transformations in loved ones time creation. a wide volume of products and prone are produced via loved ones individuals for his or her personal intake, with out concerning marketplace transactions. regardless of the commercial and social significance of unpaid paintings, those effective actions are principally invisible to conventional nationwide monetary debts. consequently, common measures of intergenerational transfers normally forget about loved ones creation, and therefore underestimate the final worth of products and providers produced over the lifestyles cycle; specifically, the industrial contribution of ladies. The booklet makes use of a existence direction method of provide policy-relevant insights into the impact of demographic and social switch on intergenerational ties and gender inequality in family production.
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Extra info for A Comparative Analysis of European Time Transfers between Generations and Genders
This trend is particularly evident for some countries, like the Netherlands, where the gender gap has been decreasing, and more nuanced for countries like the United Kingdom, where we observed more continuity over time. As young men are now more likely than in the past to perform activities that were typically confined to women, like chores and childcare, we may expect that with the aging of populations, the gender balance may become more equally distributed as a result of compositional changes in the population.
2012). The motivation for intergenerational time and financial transfers. Family and Consumer Sciences Research Journal, 40, 373–397. Kohli, M. (1999). Private and public transfers between generations: Linking the family and the state. European Societies, 1, 81–104. References 33 Kohli, M. (2004). Intergenerational transfers and inheritance: A comparative view. In M. 266–289). New York: Springer. Kuznets, S. (1934). National Income 1929–1932, Senate Document No. 124, 73rd Congress, 2nd Session.
More highly educated women spend less time on household production. These women typically have higher employment rates and income; the opportunity cost to household production is generally higher for them. For men, the heterogeneity by level © The Author(s) 2015 E. 1007/978-94-017-9591-3 47 48 Concluding Remarks of education is minimal in all countries considered. Time production does not appear to be sensitive to educational attainment for men. This observation reveals the asymmetric nature of household production by gender and the likely existence of power relations that go beyond market incentives and constraints.